Don’t Allow Acne to Cause Anxiety!
According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association (AAD), the most prevalent skin condition in America, affecting up to 50 million individuals, is Acne Vulgaris. It typically begins during puberty in teenagers and can continue to appear in adults. Additionally, 85 percent of individuals between the ages of 12 and 24 experience minor to major acne at some point in their lives.
Understanding Acne Vulgaris
Acne Vulgaris is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles beneath the skin become clogged. The pores become blocked with oil and dead skin cells, resulting in the appearance of sores, commonly known as pimples or zits, on the skin. These outbreaks can occur on the face, as well as on the back, chest, and shoulders.
Typically, acne tends to diminish by the time individuals reach their thirties. However, some people in their forties and fifties may continue to experience this skin issue.
Causes of Acne
Acne occurs when the tiny openings in the skin, known as sebaceous glands, become clogged with dead skin cells or oil. These glands produce sebum, which can mix with dead skin cells and block the pores. The clogged pores are located close to the skin’s surface, causing them to bulge outward and form whiteheads or blackheads.
In addition, bacteria on the skin’s surface can infect or contaminate the clogged pores, leading to the formation of nodules, papules, pustules, or cysts. However, other factors can also contribute to the development of acne.
Factors Contributing to Acne
- Teenagers may experience acne due to an increase in hormone levels, specifically testosterone, during puberty.
- Acne can be hereditary. If your parents had acne, you may also develop it.
- Women are more likely to experience acne than men. Hormonal changes that women undergo during specific times, such as menstruation or pregnancy, are believed to contribute to many cases of adult acne.
Dealing with Acne Scars
In addition to dealing with breakouts, individuals with acne may also have to contend with acne scars. These scars occur when the breakout penetrates the skin deeply and damages the underlying tissues. It is possible to treat these scars, but it is important to identify the type of scars present. Acne scars are generally classified into three categories:
1. Atrophic or Depressed Scars: These scars are commonly found on the face and appear below the surrounding skin. They can be categorized as Boxcar, Ice Pick, or Rolling scars.
2. Hypertrophic or Raised Scars: These scars are typically found on the chest and back. They protrude above the skin’s surface due to excessive collagen production during the healing process.
3. Dark Spots: Dark spots refer to patches of skin discoloration that are often left behind after a zit has cleared. These purple, red, or brown marks will fade on their own over a few months.
Acne Vulgaris is a common skin problem, yet only 5.1 million people seek medical assistance for it. This skin condition can affect one’s appearance and lead to anxiety, decreased self-esteem, and even depression or suicidal thoughts. It is crucial not to let your appearance define who you are.