Uses and Side Effects of Chlordiazepoxide

Uses and Side Effects of Chlordiazepoxide

Chlordiazepoxide: An Overview

Chlordiazepoxide, also known by its brand names Librium, Libritabs, Poxi, and Mitran, is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety disorders. It may also be used short-term to manage symptoms of alcohol withdrawal or anxiety before surgery. However, it should not be used for purposes not listed in the medication guide.


Chlordiazepoxide can slow or stop breathing, especially when combined with opioids or alcohol. Misuse of this medication can lead to addiction, overdose, or death. It is important to keep this medicine out of reach of others and not to stop using it suddenly without consulting a doctor. Withdrawal symptoms can be life-threatening and may last up to 12 months or longer.

Before Taking Chlordiazepoxide

Do not use chlordiazepoxide if you are allergic to it. Inform your doctor if you have a history of:

– Severe respiratory problems

– Glaucoma

– Liver or kidney disease

– Depression or suicidal thoughts

If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, avoid taking chlordiazepoxide during the first trimester. It may harm an unborn baby. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding while using this medication. It is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old.

How to Take Chlordiazepoxide

Follow the prescription label and read all medication guides carefully. Do not use chlordiazepoxide in larger amounts or for longer than prescribed. Do not share this medication with others, especially those with a history of drug addiction. Chlordiazepoxide is typically taken for no longer than 4 months. Store it at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What Happens if You Miss a Dose or Overdose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and do not take two doses at once. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if you overdose on chlordiazepoxide. Symptoms of overdose may include dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, or loss of consciousness.

What to Avoid While Taking Chlordiazepoxide

Avoid drinking alcohol and driving or engaging in hazardous activities until you know how chlordiazepoxide affects you. Dizziness or drowsiness can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.

Chlordiazepoxide Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you experience signs of an allergic reaction, slow breathing, or serious side effects such as severe drowsiness, slow heart rate, memory problems, unusual changes in mood or behavior, problems with balance or muscle movement, confusion, paranoia, anger, aggression, stomach pain, or loss of appetite. Common side effects may include drowsiness, confusion, or balance problems. After stopping chlordiazepoxide, seek medical help immediately if you experience withdrawal symptoms such as unusual muscle movements, sudden changes in mood or behavior, confusion, hallucinations, seizures, or suicidal thoughts or actions.

Other Drugs That Affect Chlordiazepoxide

Using chlordiazepoxide with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death. Inform your doctor before using opioid medication, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, or medicine for anxiety or seizures. Other drugs may also affect chlordiazepoxide, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Inform your doctor about all other medicines you use.


Chlordiazepoxide is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety disorders and manage symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. However, it can be addictive and cause serious side effects if misused or stopped suddenly. It is important to follow the prescription label, keep the medicine out of reach of others, and consult a doctor before using other medications.

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